In Astronomy, as well as other sciences, bias can play a big part in coming to a scientific conclusion. For example, if a researcher wanted to find something, itʻs most likely theyʻre going to find it because bias is playing a big role in driving their conclusion in a certain direction. A good example is the scientific papers on the Messier 73 objects. Two papers were published months apart on the M73 objects, one claiming these stars had no relationship with each other and the other claiming it was an open cluster. The two papers used the exact same data and came to two complete opposite conclusions. This is a perfect example of confirmation bias at play where bias can drive the way one interprets data.
How can the Astronomy community do their best in getting rid of this bias when researching?